Even as we grapple with ever more sources, websites, databases, etc., new approaches are gaining ascendancy in the world of digital humanities. Historical GIS has become the mainstay of environmental history, while text mining is changing the way many scholars approach their research. Like all methodologies and technologies, however, there are limits to what they can and cannot do. For example, text mining is mostly limited to print sources and the use of HGIS is somewhat dependent on certain types of historical cartographic, demographic, and environmental data. Still, with all of the new developments over the last couple of decades, it begs the question of whether colonial-era history can be done without a thorough consideration of new methodologies tied to digital humanities?