Editors’ Choice: How Cognitive Maps Help Animals Navigate the World

We humans have been mapping space for many centuries, and our maps have greatly improved over this time so that now they are very useful for navigating…Maps are for humans, but how do animals, which began navigating millions of years before parchment was invented, manage to find their way around? Do animal (and human) brains contain a map, and if so does it have islands and capes, North Poles and Equators, reference lines and so on? And if they do, where is it, and how does it work?

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